Preparatory year

Preparatory Year
  • Achievement Standards
  • Knowledge and Understandings Skills
  • Elaborations
  • Learning/Teaching Suggestions

How children learn in the early phase of schooling.

The curriculum is based on active learning, which includes real-life situations, experiences, wondering and play. It recognises the importance of children’s brain development through learning using all five senses, and the role of adults in facilitating, scaffolding and monitoring learning. (QSA)

Children in the Preparatory Year level develop their understandings about God and life by developing an attitude of awe and  wonder about God as creator, by making links between their life experiences and Jesus’ story and by developing an awareness of belonging to a group.

Children develop a familiarity with everyday rituals in their lives and communicate an understanding and appreciation of the simple symbols that are part of these rituals.

Children construct understandings about how their actions can have a positive or negative impact on relationships.

Children develop a familiarity with and appreciation of prayers by participating in traditional and informal celebrations that develop positive understandings of a relationship with God.

The content at this year level involves four strands of Beliefs, Sacraments, Morality and Prayer. These strands are interrelated and should be taught in an integrated way.

Key Inquiry Questions for Students (Wondering Questions)

What do I think about God ?

What do I know about Jesus?

How does Jesus show us ways to treat others?

How do I celebrate things in my life?

How and where can I pray to God?

What actions can I use when I pray?

 

 

I wonder about God?

I wonder about Jesus and his life?

I wonder how I show I care for others?

I wonder how I celebrate things in my life?

I wonder how I can pray to God?

I wonder what actions I can use?

Achievement standards

By the end of Prep, students share knowledge and ideas about images of God. Students know who Jesus is and recall simple key concepts and stories about Jesus’ life. Students respond to a simple retelling of events in Holy Week.

By the end of Prep, students identify feelings associated with belonging to a group and identify times we celebrate together.  Students display a sense of awe and wonder of the world.

By the end of Prep, students identify and give examples of good choices they make everyday. Students identify what is special about themselves and the people they love.

By the end of Prep, students engage in and contribute to prayer time. Students make the Sign of the Cross using the correct ritual movements. Students recognise that the Bible is a special book that is treated with respect.

Achievement standards elaborations

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Beliefs

 Knowledge and Understandings

What do I think about God?

God created a wonderful world.
God is love.
God’s love can be experienced in people and in the world around us.
CCC 40-42; 221; 299.

Skills

share ideas about images of God
express that God is creator and created with love
share knowledge of God through songs, stories and creative expression.

What do I know about Jesus?

Jesus is the central person in the Gospels.
He was born in Bethlehem.
He lived in a family.
Mary was Jesus’ mother.
Joseph and Mary cared for and looked after Jesus.
CCC 124, 464, 423, 495.

recall simple key concepts about Jesus’ family

Jesus reveals God’s love for us.
Jesus died in Jerusalem.
CCC 200, 423

recall simple stories about Jesus and his actions towards others

name and express concern for others in need
respond to a simple retelling of events in Holy Week

Sacraments

Knowledge and Understandings

How do I celebrate things in my life?

We participate in rituals at home, school and church.
We belong to many groups – family, school, church.
CCC 1145, 1146,1148.

Skills

Identify times of celebration at home, school, church.
name simple symbols used in community rituals
identify feelings associated with belonging to a group – family, school, church.

Jesus made God’s love present on earth through his actions, words and gestures.
We celebrate life which is a gift from God.
The world reflects the presence and goodness of God.
CCC 1145, 1147.

demonstrate loving actions, words and gestures towards themselves and others
display a sense of wonder and awe of the world.

We are introduced to the stories of Jesus life during Lent, Holy Week  Easter and Advent.
Lent: Jesus’ travels in Palestine telling people about God’s love.
Easter:  the story of Jesus’ death.
Advent: waiting for Jesus to be born into a family.
CCC 1194

respond to events in the story of Jesus life

Morality

Knowledge and Understandings

How does Jesus show us to treat others?
The Gospels in the Bible tell us about Jesus.
Jesus had many friends.
Jesus treated everyone with love and respect.
Jesus’ life is an example for us.
CCC 1693, 1694.

Skills

recall simple key concepts about Jesus’ actions towards others
share some ways Jesus show he cared for others
respond to stories about Jesus and his friends.

We can show friendship in many ways.
I can make choices.
My choices affect others.
I respect that we are all different.
CCC 1730

give examples of good choices in everyday experiences
identify unfair practices to others

God gives each person the capacity to be loved and to love.
CCC 1718

God gives each person the capacity to be loved and to love.
CCC 1718

Prayer

Knowledge and Understandings

What actions can I use when I pray?
We become aware of God’s presence through sound and silence.
The sign of the cross is a prayer to God.
In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.

Skills

make the Sign of the Cross  using correct ritual movements

How and where can I pray to God?
People pray when they talk to and listen to God.
People pray to God for different reasons and in different ways.
Special symbols and objects are used in prayer spaces e.g. crucifix, Bible, candle, cloth.
I can pray anywhere and at any time.
I can pray using words, actions, song.
CCC 2626-2628, 2638, 2691, 2718, 2719

show that they can pray in different ways and in different places
name simple symbols used in prayer rituals
engage in and contribute to prayer time

The Bible helps us to pray.
The Bible is our sacred text and needs to be treated with respect.

recognise  that the Bible is a special book that is treated with respect.

Beliefs  
Knowledge and UnderstandingsElaborationsSuggested Scripture
God created a wonderful world
God is creator.
Wondering:
I wonder what the sky looks like in daytime?
I wonder what is your favourite part of the day?
I wonder what animals are awake during the day? During the night?
I wonder who looks after God’s creation?
I wonder what you can do to care for God’s creation?

Articulate some sense of wonder about who God is and what God is like.
Use this web link (Children’s Psalms) to investigate images and words from the Psalms
http://www.essex1.com/pages/paul/psalm8.html
http://www.essex1.com/pages/paul/psalm19.html
http://www.essex1.com/pages/paul/psalm103.html
Prayer using songs about God the creator e.g. Bernadette Farrell – “The Wonders I see”
Create a psalm of praise for the wonders I see in the sky adapted from psalm 8.
We look up at the sky
At the moon and the stars,
the birds in the air
the… the …the…the..
God of creation how wonderful you are!
Psalms

Psalm 8

Psalm 19

Psalm 103
God is love.

God’s love can be experienced in people and in the world around us.
Wondering Questions
I wonder what God is?
I wonder where God is?
I wonder when/where I feel loved?

Express knowledge of God through songs, creative expression, and participation in discussion and through play.
Express an understanding of God using imagery.
Respond to their own and others images of God.
Use children's literature to explore concepts of God. eg. Where does God live? Does God tie shoelaces? see the list of Children's literature in Teaching resources.
Jesus is the central person in the Gospels.
He was born in Behtlehem.
He lived in a family.
Mary was Jesus' mother.
Joseph and Mary cared for and looked after Jesus.
Wondering Questions:
I wonder what Jesus did as a boy?
I wonder what Jesus ate?
I wonder what Jesus' home was like?

Begin to develop an understanding of the person of Jesus. eg he was born, lived in a family, lived in a house in Nazareth.
Explore using ICTs where Nazareth is, the environment etc.
Explore how Jesus lived and understand that it was different to the way we live today(through the looking glass activity).
Use ICTs, Biblical atlas, images from Books, internet etc
Name Mary as Mother of Jesus. Investigate life for mothers in first century Palestine. Look at images of homes, clothing, food.
Articulate their knowledge of Jesus’ family.
Describe aspects of Jesus’ family life. This may take the form of play with dress ups, puppets etc.
Experiment with types of food – dried fruit, unleavened bread, honey.
Using the Four Resource Model the investigate the infancy narratives and Luke’s narrative – finding the boy the Temple. Investigate words and concepts that are unfamiliar.
Make a word/image wall on new concepts from the narratives about Jesus.
Create an on-going character map of Jesus.
Infancy narratives
Matt 1:18-2:12
Luke 2: 1-20

The return to Nazareth
Luke 2:39-40

The boy Jesus in the temple.
Luke 2:41-52
Jesus reveals God's love for us.
Respond to Scripture stories about Jesus.
Identify, cut out or draw pictures that illustrate knowledge of some of the important things about Jesus. What he taught and did e.g. friendship, love, forgiveness. Make these into a mobile or a class collage.
Sing songs about what Jesus tells us about God.

Wondering Questions
I wonder who were Jesus friends?
I wonder how Jesus treated others he met?
Jesus with Mary and Martha
Luke 10:38-42

Jesus and the little children
Luke 18: 15-17
Matt 19:13-15
Mk 10:13-16
Jesus died in Jerusalem

Respond to Scripture after exploring the person of Jesus and introducing students to him and his life – introduce them to the passion narratives.
Using ICTs look at where Jerusalem is and also the geography of the area
Using storytelling techniques – puppets, felt boards, oral, Godly Play to re-tell Jesus death and resurrection.
Respond to a simple retelling of events in Holy Week.
Recall and share family experiences of Easter.
Recognise symbols associated with Easter.
Make Easter cards and discuss the symbols used on the cards.
Use the story The Very Hungry Caterpillar to illustrate changes in life.
Participate in simple prayer ritual during Holy Week.
Passion Narratives
the arrest and passion of Jesus
The death and burial of Jesus
The Resurrection
Luke 24:1-12
Matthew 28:1-10
Mark 16: 1-8
John 20:1-10
Sacraments   
Knowledge and UnderstandingsElaborationsSuggested Scripture
We participate in rituals at home, school and church.
Identify feelings and concepts associated with the sense of belonging to a family, school and Church.

Identify everyday rituals in their lives – e.g. birthday parties, getting ready for school at the beginning of the year, class prayer
Role-play and dramatic play rituals that belong to home, school, and church e.g. birthdays, first day of school.
Identify symbols associated with simple everyday rituals e.g. birthday cake, school uniform, items for classroom prayer.
Wondering Questions?
I wonder what I do to celebrate my birthday?
The Lord's Supper

Luke 22:14-23
Matt 26: 20, 26-29
Mk 14: 17, 22-25
Jesus eats with his disciples - he breaks bread and shares wine.
Jesus washed his friends feet.
Jn 13:1-15.
We belong to many groups - family, school, church.
Identify feelings and concepts associated with the sense of belonging to a family, school and Church.
Wondering Questions
I wonder who was in Jesus’ family
I wonder if Jesus went to school?
I wonder what clothes Jesus wore?
I wonder who were Jesus’ friends?
Some of Jesus friends were fishermen.
Peter and Andrew
James and John.
Scripture of Jesus as a boy. - Luke
Jesus had friends – Mary, Martha, Lazarus
Jesus made God’s love present on earth through his actions, words and gestures.
Respond to scripture stories that show how Jesus celebrated with friends, used touch to heal, bread to feed etc.
Investigate how touching is important to demonstrate feelings: handshakes,
Hugs, thumbs up, waving, use MJR concepts to develop this.
Role play scenarios.
Make a big book of kind actions.
Investigate healing actions of nurses and doctors.
Look at healing ointments.
Wondering Questions?
I wonder how Jesus showed he cared for people?
I wonder why people came to Jesus to listen to him?
The call of Matthew
Matt 9: 9-13
Jesus heals sick in Gennesaret
Matt 14: 34-36
Mk 6:53-56
Jn 6: 22-25
Jesus heals by touching.
Matt 8: 1-3
Mk 1: 40-44 Lk 5:12-14
We celebrate life which is a gift from God.

The world reflects the presence and goodness of God
Cultivate a sense of wonder and awe of the world.
Display a range of posters/ paintings that depict the natural world.
Go for a walk and wonder at the beauty of creation. Use children’s literature to explore the wonder of creation.
E.g. Grandad’s Prayers of the Earth
Wondering Questions
I wonder what is my favourite place?
I wonder what the world looks like in other parts of our world?
Psalm 8
Psalm 19
Psalm 103
We are introduced to the stories of Jesus life during Lent, Easter and Advent

Lent: Jesus travels in Palestine telling people about God’s love.
Easter: the story of Jesus’ death
Advent: waiting for Jesus to be born into a family.
Using children’s literature let the children explore the story of Jesus’ life in Palestine.
Re-tell appropriate scripture using a variety of storytelling techniques.
Look at a virtual map of Palestine and where Jesus travelled.
Use the Four Resource Model to investigate words and concepts that may be unfamiliar to students.
Investigate the concept of waiting – waiting for holidays, birthdays, visitors to arrive.
Use children’s literature to explore the concepts of waiting, anticipation.
Infancy narratives in Matthew and Luke.

Passion narratives
Matthew, Mark, Luke
Morality   
Knowledge and Understandings ElaborationsSuggested Scripture
The Gospels in the Bible tell us about Jesus.
Jesus had many friends.
Jesus treated everyone with love and respect.
Jesus' life is an example for us.
Retell stories from the Gospels that show how Jesus treated people with love and acceptance. Calling the apostles.
Mk 1:16-20; Matt 4: 12-22; Luke 4;14, 15:5-11
Mary and Martha
Luke 10:38-42
Mark 10:13-16
Matt 19:13-15
We can show friendship in many ways.

I can make choices.

My choices affect others.

I respect that we are all different.
Can give examples of good choices in everyday experiences with others.
Look at behaviours in the school and classroom. How can students show friendship towards each other?
Take digital photos of good choices being made around the school and classroom. Label and display them.
Do a consequences web showing how our actions affect others.
Participates in discussions about unfair, stereotypical or biased ideas and practices in light of gospel or secular text messages.
Can role play ways characters in religious and other texts to demonstrate right and wrong, good and bad, just and unjust choices. Use giant paper bag puppets to demonstrate children’s suggested scenarios.
Looking at the members of the class construct a Venn diagram highlighting differences and similarities.
Wondering Questions?
I wonder how I decide what is a good choice?
I wonder what is the best way to treat others?
I wonder how I am different from others?
I wonder how we are all the same?
Zacchaeus

Luke 19: 1-10
God gives each person the capacity to be loved and to love.
Identify a character in a religious or secular text who changed his/her ways positively through the choices he/she made.
Chn’s literature - Miss Lilly’s fabulous pink feather boa.
Koala Lou
Identify what is lovable about you. Construct a personal profile about your good points and share this in the class.
Talk about God moments during theday where you can identify how we have seen moments where we help each other.
Wondering Questions
I wonder what is special about me?
I wonder how I can show I care for other people?
Prayer   
Knowledge and UnderstandingsElaborationsSuggested Scripture
We become aware of God’s presence through sound and silence.

The sign of the cross is a prayer to God.

In the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.
Participate in daily classroom prayer and celebrations.
Allow children to experience simple meditation as prayer.
Follow a simple pattern and use appropriate movements and gestures in prayers and religious songs.
Know how to make the sign of the cross.
Wondering Questions
I wonder what gesture I use to make the Sign of the Cross?
I wonder what words I say when I pray?
I wonder about God as I meditate.
Jesus prayed alone
Mark 1:35
People pray when they talk to and listen to God.

People pray to God for different reasons and in different ways.

Special symbols and objects are used in prayer spaces e.g. crucifix, bible, candle, cloth.

I can pray anywhere and at any time.

I can pray using words, actions, song,
Recognizes a variety of forms of prayer such as song, meditation, spontaneous prayer, grace before meals, morning and afternoon prayer.
Suggest special symbols that can be used during class and personal prayer.
Create a special prayer space with appropriate symbols. This is to be changed regularly to reflect the needs of the groups and the liturgical time of the year.
Expresses praise and thanks to God creatively through the arts and everyday language.
Great gifts by Bernadette Farrell for songs and simple prayers.
John Burland, Andrew Chinn, Michael Mangan music to be explored at prayer time.
Create a simple prayer mat that can be moved to various locations to allow prayer to be in different places around the classroom and in the school grounds.
If the school has a sacred space use this as an area to pray.
Wondering Questions
I wonder where Jesus prayed?
I wonder what songs I can sing that tell me about Jesus and God?
I wonder what symbols I can use when I pray?
I wonder when I can pray?
I wonder where I can pray?
Luke 5:15Jesus blesses the children Matt 19:13-15(Mark 10.13-16; Luke 18.15-17)
The Bible helps us to pray.
The Bible is our sacred text and needs to be treated with respect.
Use the following websites to promote creative approaches to prayer using scripture.
http://www.essex1.com/pages/paul/psalm8.html
http://www.essex1.com/pages/paul/psalm19.html
http://www.essex1.com/pages/paul/psalm103.html
Identify that stories of Jesus are to be found in the Bible.
Psalms
Psalm 8
Psalm 19
Psalm 103

The sample units below are to be modified and adapted to your own teaching style and the learning needs of your students. 

Prep - Teaching and Learning Strategies about God
I wonder about God

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Prep - Teaching and Learning Strategies about Jesus
I wonder about Jesus and his life.

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Prep - Sacraments
I wonder how I celebrate things in my life.

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Prep - Morality
I wonder how I can be a good friend

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Prep - Advent and Christmas
Advent and Christmas Teaching and Learning Ideas

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Prep- Lent and Easter
Lent and Easter Teaching and learning Ideas

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Prep plan with annotations

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Achievement Standard Elaborations

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Prep Year review and balance of coverage of knowledge and understandings and skills

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Lent and Easter Teaching Resources and Strategies