Teacher Background

Catechism of the Catholic Church

What is the Catechism of the Catholic Church?

The Aim of the Catechism
 The catechism aims at presenting an organic synthesis of the essential and fundamental contents of Catholic doctrine, as regards both faith and morals, in the light of the Second Vatican Council and the whole of the Church’s Tradition. Its principal sources are the Sacred Scriptures, the Fathers of the Church, the Liturgy, and the Church’s Magisterium.

Structure of the Catechism
 The plan of the catechism is inspired by the great tradition of catechisms which build catechesis on four pillars:

faith professed                   (the Creed),
faith celebrated                 (the Sacraments)
faith lived                            (the Commandments and Moral life),
faith prayed                        (prayer).

Part One: the Profession of Faith
This section defines what it means to believe or to have faith. It explains that faith is a human response, a personal and free commitment to the self-revelation of God. God’s gratuitous and free self-revelation invites all people to the knowledge of God and the acceptance of salvation. The pinnacle of God’s self-revelation is found in the person of Christ whose message lives on in Scripture and Tradition. An individual’s response of faith is rooted in the God-given capacity to seek God in the world, especially through human persons who are made in God’s image and likeness. One of the chief functions of the Catholic community is to nurture the faith of its members (Hill and Madges, 1994, p.20).

Part Two: the Sacraments of Faith
Part Two presents the celebration of the mysteries of Christ’s life as expressed in the liturgical worship that is central to the church and the life of its members. The first section discusses the paschal mystery, the sacraments in general, and the celebration of the paschal mystery. Section two explains the seven sacraments. The treatment of liturgy begins with a discussion of the ‘why’ and ‘what ‘of liturgy, and explains why catechesis on the liturgy is important. The liturgy is described as the ‘work’ of God, Christ and the church. It is the commemoration of God’ saving work in history and the celebration of the mysteries of Christ’s life. These mysteries form the foundation of the seven sacraments that are celebrated by the church. The purpose of the sacraments is to help people toward holiness and to express worship to God. The sacraments confer grace by the power of God.
Liturgy is celebrated by the whole community, although not all members have the same function. Liturgy is celebrated through signs, symbols, words, actions, singing and music. These celebrations occur in various forms throughout the liturgical year (Hill and Madges, 1994, p.62).

Part Three: the Life of Faith
The third part of the catechism deals with Christian living and morality. It comes after the catechism’s discussion of the creed and the sacraments because the Christian life is the attempt to live out the faith with the assistance of the grace that comes through the sacraments. Section one discusses the nature of being human and the gift of salvation that brings human nature to its fulfilment and ultimate happiness. Section two explains in great detail how the Ten Commandments can be viewed as the basis of morality (Hill and Madges, 1994, p.98).

Part Four: Prayer in the Life of Faith
This part explains the role of prayer in the Christian life. Prayer is presented as the means to respond to God’s initiative in people’s lives and as the means of maintaining a relationship with God. Without a relationship with God, the Christian life is impossible. Section one of part four discusses the role of prayer in the Christian life as well as the sources and types of prayer. Section two offers a detailed explanation for the Lord’s Prayer (Hill and Madges, 1994, p.144).

Search the Catechism

Catechism of the Catholic Church

Compendium of the Catechism of the Catholic Church

Compendium of the Catholic Church


The Youth Catechism, which is written in language suitable for young people, deals with the entire Catholic faith as it was presented in the Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC of 1997), without aiming, however, at the completeness provided in that volume. The work is structured in question-and-answer format, and numbers after each answer refer the reader to the more extensive and in-depth treatments in the CCC. A commentary following the answer is meant to give the young person additional help in understanding the questions that are discussed and their significance in his life. Furthermore, the Youth Catechism offers in the margin a continuous series of supplementary elements, such as pictures, summary definitions, citations from Sacred Scripture, quotations from saints and reliable teachers of the faith but also from non-religious authors. At the conclusion of the book, there is an index of subjects and persons to facilitate finding specific topics.


The newest title in the internationally best-selling “YOUCAT” series for youth and young adults, DOCAT is an outstanding social justice resource for today’s young people.

Catholic Social Teaching has been called by some the Church’s “best-kept secret.” DOCAT is “revealing the secret” to young people around the world with the Church’s beautiful social teachings.

Lavishly illustrated, DOCAT helps young people to know and to live Catholic Social Teaching. It’s an inspiring, practical follow up to YOUCAT, the hugely popular Youth Catechism, based on the Catechism of the Catholic Church. Drawing on Scripture, YOUCAT, the Catechism, and the Compendium of Catholic Social Teaching, DOCAT shows young people how to work toward building a “civilization of love.”

Special Features include:

  • Popular Q & A YOUCAT style, tackles tough questions about social justice and related issues
  • Illustrated with lots of full-color photos of young people and other images
  • Inspirational and insightful quotes, including comments from St. John Paul II, Mother Teresa, Pope Francis, Pope Benedict and other saints
  • Written with help from church leaders, business leaders, social activists, and young people
  • Guides young people in conscience formation and Catholic action on social and political issues

A superb book for high school classes, for regular faith-formation, for youth ministry and for young adult discussion.

Pope Benedict XVI to youth about the YOUCAT project:
“Study this Catechism with passion and perseverance. Make a sacrifice of your time for it! Study it in the quiet of your room; read it with a friend; form study groups and networks; share with each other on the Internet. By all means continue to talk with each other about your faith.”


Hill, B. & Madges, W. (1994). The Catechism Highlights & Commentary. North Backburn, VIC: Collins-Dove.